ABSTRACT: I discuss some of the problems of the application of the notion of truth to religion. After introductory remarks on the problem called truth and religion to show the peculiarity and the actuality of the problem discussed, I examine the different meanings of the notions of truth and religion, in order to formulate some comments on the different concepts of the truth of religion. I name the main types of religious truth, and consider the competencies of the diverse types of the study of religion to determine the truth of religion, and to analyze how to understand the truth of distinct types of religion. I conclude with some remarks on the appropriate approach to the question of the truth of religion. The considerations show that there is no simple answer to the question of the truth of religion in general or in particular. As it turns out the answer requires some relativizations, among others to the notion of truth and of religion. The notions of true religion and credibility of religion, though at first sight distinct, seem to condition each other. The notion of the truth of religion can be a valuable instrument of interpretation of religious phenomena not only in philosophy and theology of religion, but in the social sciences of religion too.
Justification of a religious point of view usually consists in attempts to prove that some particular religion is true. In my paper I will discuss some problems arising when the notion of truth is applied to religion. I first focus on analyzing complexity and conditions of the question about truth of religion in order to determine various meanings which could be ascribed to the expression "truth of religio...
... middle of paper ...
...uth, New York 1967.
Streng F. J., Truth, in: M. Eliade (editor in chief), The Encyclopedia of Religion, vol. 15, New York-London 1987, 63-72.
Vroom H. M., Religions and the Truth. Philosophical Reflections and Perspectives (Currents of Encounter, vol. 2), Amsterdam 1990.
Walker R. C. S., Theories of Truth, in: B. Hale, C. Wright (ed.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Language, Oxford 1997, 309-330.
Wiebe D., Religion and Truth. Towards and Alternative Paradigm for the Study of Religions, The Hague, Paris, New York 1981.
Waardenburg J. (ed.), Classical Approaches to the Study of Religion. Aims, Methods and Theories of Research, vol. 1: Introduction and Anthology; vol. 2: Bibliography, The Hague, Paris 1973-1974.
Whaling F. (ed.), Contemporary Approaches to the Study of Religion, vol. 1: The Humanities, vol. 2: The Social Sciences, New York 1984-1985.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Religion and Personality The consideration of religion and personality from a psychological perspective logically seems to stem from the desire to evaluate correlations to increase the understanding of humanity and potentially improve human development or well-being. The findings from research conducted as well as the challenges associated with the inquiry of the relationship of religion and personality serve to inform our understandings. Personality trait perspective The association of religion personality has been investigated primarily from the perspective of personality trait research.... [tags: psychological perspective]
1558 words (4.5 pages)
- ... The first aspect of this religion that I will discuss with the functionalist approach is classification. Classification Habitus is the part of an individual that influences one’s perception and dispositions, or one’s preferences and ideas. An individual’s social class and culture influence habitus, and it results from socialization at a young age within these categories. Habitus is an important aspect to observe when using a functionalist approach because it plays a significant role in beliefs and practices within a certain group of individuals.... [tags: Sociology, Religion, Bible, Christianity]
1137 words (3.2 pages)
- ... Support from the Gods or in the case of the Aeneid, the messengers visit Aeneas on several occasions and provide him with visions of hope his future. However, the Gods cannot know his path they do know his fate (Hahn, E. Adelaide). It is this fate that the Gods have provided which drives Aeneas at the time Troy falls at the hands of the Greek Army. The Aeneid, Book II tells the fall of Troy from Aeneas’s memory. Aeneas told us how his mother appeared before his eyes (Puchner, pg.614) and provided calm to his raging heart.... [tags: Aeneid, Aeneas, Trojan War, Troy]
1215 words (3.5 pages)
- The major cause for the Enlightenment was the Scientific Revolution and due to its numerous feats in science, gave hope to the belief that similar breakthroughs might be achieved in the social and political arena if only the same methods were applied. For example, a philosophe such as David Hume aims to defend the “autonomy” of morality in relation to religion. On this view of things, God and a future state are unnecessary for moral life and human society. The pertinent base for moral life and behavior lies with the fundamentals of human nature which are pride, sympathy, moral sense, and conventions.... [tags: philosophy, morality, religion]
1982 words (5.7 pages)
- There is a great number of different and similar religious. There are historic dead religions, living religious and future religions that are not in existence yet. It 's nearly impossible to give a number in all the possible religious that existed, exist and will exist. Scholars can only estimate the number of religions--if scholars combined the number of historic dead, living and future religions there are several thousands religions, this estimate is perhaps even an underestimate. A main religion may have several hundreds of denominations within it.... [tags: Religion, Truth, Grammatical number, Question]
747 words (2.1 pages)
- ... Despite achievements of science, some people are still confused into quality of science because of damage that cause to the death of some children after having vaccination. Scientists could spend a lot of years making experiments, testing, but there are some mistakes that they are impossible to know and solve until it happened. Are all mistakes from the lack of experiments. Not really. There are still hidden things that we could not know about; people will never know everything so mistakes are not exception.... [tags: Religion, Faith, Truth, Belief]
1033 words (3 pages)
- ... The mind is able to comprehend information before having accepted or denied it as the truth. Yet if pressed for a judgment before one has been reached, we are sufficiently flexible to be able to incorporate prior knowledge and experience into the judgment to make an informed guess (Street& Richardson, 2015). Based on these findings, human nature is to seek out truth, not deceit, through experience and prior knowledge. It appears humans prefer to consider new experiences truthful on first intuition and rely on what they know to be “true”.... [tags: Truth, Religion, Epistemology, Belief]
1365 words (3.9 pages)
- In our social environment we run into the danger that someone is lying to us, distorts a fact when reproducing it, or perhaps entirely omits an important detail. It is widely known that people from time to time say an untruth. The high prevalence of deception and lie telling is well documented in research (e.g. DePaulo & Kashy, 1998; DePaulo, Kashy, Kirkendol, Wyer, & Epstein, 1996). Our ability to notice or recognise deception and lies and in a next step to respond appropriately is not very far-reaching.... [tags: unconscious distrust, falsehood, truth]
748 words (2.1 pages)
- A perplexing aspect of Taoism is its very definition. Taoism starts by teaching a truth; “The Tao” is indefinable( To impart the meaning of the Tao is as unfeasible as attempting to tell a story verbally to a deaf person. Although indefinable, the Tao is often referred to as “The Way.” Taoism is more than merely a “philosophy” or a “religion”. Taoists believe the Tao is nonverbal in its essence, and is beyond the boundaries of language. Tao Te Ching was "a philosophical document as much about good government as it was [.... [tags: The Tao, Religion, Truth]
1298 words (3.7 pages)
- The “Truth” Every thought that ever entered our mind is a consequence of our struggle to reach out for the truth. Since our early age we have been thought to believe that there has to be right and wrong and we continuously searched for the “correct” answer. Unlike school’s multiple choice tests, life thought us that there is more than one correct answer. At one point we learned that some questions don’t have answers at all, or they are way too complex for our mind to understand them. Yet we never stopped struggling to reach out for the ultimate truth.... [tags: Definition True Truth Philosophy Essays]
1282 words (3.7 pages)