Essay about Performance-enhancing Drugs and Steroids

Essay about Performance-enhancing Drugs and Steroids

Length: 3182 words (9.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Ever since Mark McGwire, a St. Louis Cardinals baseball player, broke the home run record of Roger Maris, a New York Yankee outfielder best known for hitting sixty-one home runs in 1961, the media has been frantic.  This frenzy is not only about McGwire's accomplishment of hitting a Herculean seventy home runs but is about another subject, performance-enhancing drugs.

Mark McGwire is not only using creatine, but he is also taking androstenedione. Creatine is an amino acid that fuels muscle contraction and is produced in the liver, kidneys, and pancreas (Schrof 54).  Androstenedione is produced in the body by the gonads and adrenal glands in small amounts.  It is a sex steroid hormone that the body converts to testosterone, a natural anabolic (muscle building) steroid and performance-enhancer ("Hazard Alert" 143). Examples of other performance boosters include chromium, pyruvate, and anabolic-androgenic steroids.  All of these supplements aid the body in building and repairing muscle; however, some have more prominent effects than others do.  The ensuing dilemma over McGwire is whether or not his breaking of the home run record was aided by drug use. This past summer, the American College of Sports Medicine issued that "the verdict is still out on the safety of creatine supplementation, especially over long periods of time" (Condor 3D).  However, the American College of Sports Medicine has no official position about androstenedione, which is banned by the International Olympic Committee, the National Football League, and the NCAA (National Collegiate Athletic Association) but allowed by the National Hockey League, National Basketball Association, and Major League Baseball (Condor 3D).

    There are two basic viewpoints on...


... middle of paper ...


...rts Illustrated 20 April 1998: 58-61.

Bender, David and Bruno Leone, ed. Sports in America: Opposing Viewpoints. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, Inc. 1994.

Condor, Bob. "Price of power, glory." The Greenville News 10 September 1998: 1D+.

Gower, Timothy. "Eat Powder! Build Muscle! Burn Calories!" Esquire (Feb. 1998): 113.

"Hazard Alert." People Weekly Oct. 12, 1998: 143-145.

"How the Experts View Androstenedione." The Washington Post 20 October 1998: 13Z+.

Schrof, Joannie M. "McGwire hits the pills: brawn building supplements also deliver serious risks." U.S. News & World Report Sept. 7, 1998: 53-55.

Shaughnessy, Dan. "Leave Mac Alone." The State 30 August 1998: 12C.

"The carbohydrate of the '90s." Sports Illustrated July 28, 1997: 26.

Woods, Steve. "Use of drugs should have no place in sports." The State 25 August 1998: 2C.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Benefits of Performance Enhancing Drugs Among Athletes Essay

- Since the dawn of the twenty-first century, performance enhancing drugs have become a religious practice in “the lives of some sport figures.” The use of these supplements have given the user an edge, an edge to perform at maximum capability. Most major athletes all agree on the fact that the competitive drive to win can be quite intense. Besides the satisfaction of personal accomplishment, athletes commonly pursue high hopes of attaining a medal, a college scholarship or the once in a lifetime opportunity to play on a professional team....   [tags: Performance Enhancing Drugs, steroids, sports, ]

Strong Essays
1042 words (3 pages)

Essay on Athletes, Performance-Enhancing Drugs and Anabolic Steroids

- There are many types of steroids abused by athletes in order to increase their muscle mass and strength. Though steroids have a negative reputation, there are some that can be beneficial to athletes and certain patients. There are types of steroids called corticosteroids that have more medical uses to them and another type called anabolic-androgenic steroids that have a more limited medical use. The anabolic-androgenic are usually the steroids that are being abused by athletes (Bigelow, par.10)....   [tags: Athletes and Anabolic Steroids]

Strong Essays
2477 words (7.1 pages)

Essay about Performance Enhancing Drugs : Steroids And Human Growth Hormone

- Performance Enhancing Drugs The world of sports has many issues that can arise regarding issues of safety and ethics. A topic that brings concerns to views, players, coaches, and healthcare providers is the use of performance enhancing drugs such as steroids and Human Growth Hormone, HGH. During the 1990’s and through the early 2000’s, ESPN increased the coverage of illegal enhancement drugs increased in the media and became one of the most talked about topics in the Major League Baseball. Players such as Sammy Sosa, Barry Bonds, Mark McGwire, and many others were questioned regarding their participation in unethical actions to increase their success (ESPN 2012)....   [tags: Drug, Illegal drug trade, Ethics]

Strong Essays
1150 words (3.3 pages)

Essay about Performance-enhancing Drugs and Steroids

- Ever since Mark McGwire, a St. Louis Cardinals baseball player, broke the home run record of Roger Maris, a New York Yankee outfielder best known for hitting sixty-one home runs in 1961, the media has been frantic.  This frenzy is not only about McGwire's accomplishment of hitting a Herculean seventy home runs but is about another subject, performance-enhancing drugs. Mark McGwire is not only using creatine, but he is also taking androstenedione. Creatine is an amino acid that fuels muscle contraction and is produced in the liver, kidneys, and pancreas (Schrof 54).  Androstenedione is produced in the body by the gonads and adrenal glands in small amounts.  It is a sex steroid hormone that th...   [tags: Anabolic Steroids Use by Athletes]

Strong Essays
3182 words (9.1 pages)

Steroids Use Performance Enhancing Drugs Essay

- ... Several believe it is ultimately the athlete’s decision on whether or not they want to use, the efforts to keep those from using the drugs are overzealous, and the health risks are overstated. Persons who agree with opinions, such as the ones stated, believe steroids are the future. Those debating for the pro-steroid stance go as far as to compare the use of performance-enhancing drugs to improved technologies used in the gym and new techniques to acquire maximum strength; they claim the process of using performance-enhancing drugs is evolutionary....   [tags: Anabolic steroid, Testosterone, Androgen, Steroid]

Strong Essays
1740 words (5 pages)

Effects Of Anabolic Steroids And Other Performance Enhancing Drugs Essay

- Over one million American seek short cuts to larger muscles and greater endurance with anabolic steroids and other performance enhancing drugs. Steroids are drugs that act like chemical in the body. Most steroids are transformed into testosterone when they enter the body. Testosterone is a male growth hormone. While user may gain short-term results, they are seriously shortchanging their health (Kalawalski 13-15). Some of the ill effects of the drugs are damage to the kidneys and liver. A person can also alter the balance of the natural hormones....   [tags: Anabolic steroid, Testosterone, Drug addiction]

Strong Essays
1964 words (5.6 pages)

Anabolic Steroids And Other Performance Enhancing Drugs Essay

- Anabolic steroids and other performance enhancing drugs have been around for years and are used by athletes to enhance their performance, muscle building ability, and shorten recovery time. Although they do their function extremely well, anabolic steroids are considered cheating, they are unhealthy for the athlete and surrounding people, and there are healthier alternatives to their use. Therefore, anabolic steroids should not be used by any athlete in any sport. In almost all sports, there are anti-drug policies and measures in place to ensure that no competitors are using an illegal or banned substance....   [tags: Anabolic steroid, Testosterone, Bodybuilding]

Strong Essays
1742 words (5 pages)

PED in Sports Essay

- PED in Sports Performance enhancing drugs have been a longstanding problem in sports. It not only deteriorates the honesty of the game, but also can have broader social affects that one may not even realize. The use of performance enhancing drugs is especially apparent in Major League Baseball. This problem can be traced back to the 1980’s when baseball was facing one of its first “dark periods”. During the 1980’s Major League Baseball was experiencing a home run drought. Home run totals were down as far as they had been since Babe Ruth, and fans were seemingly becoming bored with the sport....   [tags: Performance Enhancing Drugs, Steroids]

Strong Essays
1628 words (4.7 pages)

Essay on The Use of Steroids and Performance Enhancing Drugs in Sports

- I have chosen to write my paper on the topic of steroids and performance enhancing substances that are used today in sports. In this paper I hope to focus on the steroids and performance enhancing drugs and how they have become a problem in sports.      An anabolic steroid is a substance that is related to male sex hormones, known as testosterone. The word “Anabolic” means muscle building. The word “steroids” is just referred to as a drug name or a class of drug. Some athletes have made the decision that they would like to jump higher, run faster, throw harder and hit 100 home runs....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Steroid Essays]

Strong Essays
1510 words (4.3 pages)

Should Performance Enhancing Drugs Be Legalized In Professional Sports? Essay

- The debate over the legalization of performance enhancing drugs also, known as PEDs, has been on the rise. Performance enhancing drugs are as the illegal drugs or substances that are taken by athletes to improve their performance. The term doping is used to describe the act of using PEDs. In the recent years many famous athletes have been convicted of PEDs abuse. Among these famous athletes is Lance Armstrong, a famous cyclist who won multiple titles of Tour de France. As the use of PEDs is becoming more common, controversy over the legalization has emerged....   [tags: doping, performance drugs, steroids]

Strong Essays
1288 words (3.7 pages)