The Republic is concerned with the education of the guardians. Plato discusses the principles of state that is based on knowledge and reason and not just on opinion or ones desire for power. In the Republic Plato abolishes the family for the guardians, to avoid nepotism and amassing of private wealth (Republic, bk. 5, 464). Wives and children are to be held in common by all, and no parent is to know his own child nor any child his parents–"provided it can be done" (Republic, bk. 5, 457). Plato devotes much attention to the education of the child as a future citizen. As such, he believes that the child belongs to the state and its education is the responsibility of the state (Republic, bk. 2, 376.)
After the execution of Socrates, Plato gave up all involvement with politics and turned to writing and education. In 385B.C.E. Plato returns to Athens and founded the school of philosophy called Academy. The Academy will be recognized as the first institution of research and higher learning in the world (it existed until 529 A.D.). The Academy accepted only advanced students who possessed knowledge of geometry...
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...tion to prepare him for ruling the state. His studies would include mathematics, music, and literature. At the age of thirty he would have enough maturity to begin his study of philosophy. At thirty-five, his formal education would cease and he would enter upon a minor administrative position, prior to undertaking more important governing positions.
Plato. 1941 [385 B.C.E.]. The Republic of Plato. Trans. Francis Macdonald Cornford. New York: Oxford University Press.
Plato. 1970 [348 B.C.E.]. The Laws. Trans. Trevor J. Saunders. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin.
Scolnicov, Samuel. 1988. Plato's Metaphysics of Education. London: Routledge.
In Dialogue: the Life and Works of Plato, a short podcast by Peter Adamson (Philosophy, Kings College London).
Plato (circa 428-C.-347 B.C) Plato Page. http://www.connect.net/ron/plato.html.
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