The Middle Ages was a time when women were supposed to be models of virtue, yet they acted contrary to such beliefs. As young women, they were supposed to strive for perfection and protect their virginity (Bardsley 96-97). In reality, women were often free with their virtues, and according to Francis and Joseph Gies, “The chastity of women was eternally suspect in the eyes of canonists, who perceived them as ever eager for sexual gratification.” Women were presented with conflicting messages when told that they were sources of evil, but were also told they were to exemplify the model of Mary (Bardsley 172) By modeling Mary, women were to be virtuous and holy and not self-seeking. However, women were far from this model of Mary, and they received little respect from men. Men dominated women, and they never escaped male control. As girls, their fathers controlled them, and later in life they were subject to their husbands (McLean and Singman 24). Because of this, women were seen as scandalous if they attempted to obtain power, money, or land.
Chaucer exemplifies this in “The Wife of Bath’s Tale.” Living in a male-dominant society, the wife ...
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... Harper Perennial, 1978. 52- 53, 58-59. Print.
Hallissy, Margaret. A Companion to Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1995. 225-235. Print.
McLean, Will and Singman, Jeffrey L. Daily Life in Chaucer’s England. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1995. Print.
O’Brien, Timothy D. “Seductive Violence and Three Chaucerian Women.” College Literature 28.2 (2001): 178. Literature Resource Center. Web. 17 Oct. 2011.
Rossignol, Rosalyn. Chaucer: A Literary Reference to His Life and Work. New York: Facts on File, Inc., 2007. 68, 70-71, 77-78. Print.
Saur, Michelle M. “The Miller’s Tale.” Bloom’s How to Write About Geoffrey Chaucer. New York: Infobase Publishing, 2010. 98-99, 118-129. Print.
“The Wife of Bath’s Prologue and Tale.” Poetry Criticism. Ed. Lawrence J. Trudeau. Vol. 58. Detroit: Gale, 2005. Literature Resource Center. Web. 25 Oct. 2011.
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