Gulliver’s first wildly chaotic and satirical trip is made to Lilliput. The Lilliputians are extremely tiny people, they are in face one-twelfth Gulliver’s size. Immediately showing their truest colors by being madly prideful in their own tiny existence, Swift satirizes Britain’s own misplaced pride and their focus on their size. Lilliputians have a largely misplaced pride because, easily, Gulliver could kill their entire species, also their distresses, which are of utmost importance to them, seem to the reader extremely trivial. The British, at the time, had a hugely misplaced pride in themselves and also had comparably trivial anxieties. Britons thought themselves all-powerful and completely spiritual beings in the world because of the Enlightenment. Swift uses this section of his novel to show that the human body is not completely spiritual; Enlightenment thinkers heightened the seriousness of humanity and Swift brought them back down to earth. Humans have animalistic tendencies- they have very normal bodily functions like feces, urination, awf...
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...ag shows that, no matter how beautiful something is, there will always be a flaw when viewed closely enough. As an intensely cultural traditionalist, Swift was a critic of the new ideas that came from the Enlightenment. He directly pokes fun at the experiments that were proposed or tried by satirizing them directly in Gulliver’s visit to the academy in Glubbdubdrib, as province of the Laputan nation. Finally Swift satirizes Britain and human nature as a whole by attacking the philosophers of the Enlightenment who spent their entire lives dedicated to exploring ideals that, even though they furthered human knowledge in general, wholly brought the human race down by attempting to exterminate those wonderful things that make humanity. Overall, Swift was ultimately successful in satirizing the Enlightenment thinkers of the time through the human body and the human mind.
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