Common Source of Error in Medical Laboratory Essay

Common Source of Error in Medical Laboratory Essay

Length: 1365 words (3.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The literature review was done to gather the information about the most common source of error in the medical laboratory. The majority of errors come from the pre-analytical phase that is considered the basis for all laboratory works. Pre-pre-analytic and true pre-analytic are two areas of the pre-analytical phase (Plebani, 2012). Test selection, patient identification, sample collection, preparation and handling are part of the pre-pre-analytical process, while storing, pipetting and centrifugation sample are actual pre-analytical processes (Hawkins, 2012; Plebani, 2012). Missing any steps in the previous processes will cause errors related to the pre-analytical phase. In addition, pre-analytical errors can result in lack of trust from the patient and medical staff, economic consequences to the patient as well as the medical laboratory department, and unfavourable implication on the medical laboratory department.
As noted in a review of the retrieved articles, the pre-analytical phase is the main source of errors in the laboratory department (Plebani, 2012). Missing patient’s identification, missing samples, and using inappropriate tubes or containers are the most common pre-analytical errors occurring outside the laboratory domain (Plebani, 2012). Missing patient identification includes unlabeled samples and incorrect name and file number (Layfield et al., 2010). Missing samples indicate that the specimen was drawn from the patient, but the laboratory did not receive the sample.
Further, transporting the sample under improper environmental conditions or delays in the sample transportation is considered an error in the pre-pre-analytical phase (Felder, 2011). For example, arterial blood gases samples must be sent in the syringe ...

... middle of paper ...

... Pathology, 134, 466-470.
Plebani, M. & Piva, E. (2010). Medical Errors: Pre-Analytical Issue in Patient Safety. Journal of Medical Biochemistry, 29 (4), 310-314.
Plebani, M. (2012). Quality Indicators to Detect Pre-Analytical Errors in Laboratory Testing. The Clinical Biochemist Reviews, 33 (3), 85-88.
Rin, G. (2010). Pre-Analytical Workstations as a Tool for Reducing Laboratory Errors. Journal of Medical Biochemistry, 29 (4), 315-324.
Sharma, P. (2009). Preanalytical Variables and Laboratory Performance. Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry, 24 (2), 109-110.
Wallin, O., Soderberg, J., Van Guelpen, B., Stenlund, H., Grankvist, K. & Brulin, C. (2010). Blood Sample Collection and Patient Identification Demand Improvement: A Questionnaire Study of Preanalytical Practices in Hospital Wards and Laboratories. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 24 (3), 581-591.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The American Medical Student Association Essays

- ... In 1971 SNMA became independent of the National Medical Association. In 2000, the organization obtained its first significant federal contract with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The organization, which is primarily run by students is now thriving more than anyone anticipated. It has moved to a larger facility in DC and is continuously growing both in members, and staff, and programs being offered. One of SNMA’s most well-known events is the National Leadership Institute (NLI)....   [tags: Medicine, Medical school, Physician]

Strong Essays
1380 words (3.9 pages)

The Effects Of Sleep On Dealing With Daily Stressors A Need For Controlled Laboratory Evidence

- ... (2012). Stress and sleep disorder. Experimental Neurobiology, 21(4), 141-150. In the journal article “Stress and sleep disorder”, the action of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis also known as the HPA is examined in order to recognize the correlation between stress and sleep disorders. The article covers the Neuronal systems in the brain, which include the Arousal system and the Hypothalamic arousal system, and the chemicals in waking and sleeping. Also covered in the article is the theoretical models of insomnia and stress as a precipitating factor and stress and related sleep physiology....   [tags: Sleep, Sleep disorder, Sleep deprivation]

Strong Essays
1436 words (4.1 pages)

Essay on Reducing Turnaround Time on Specimen Results

- As a clinical laboratory manager in charge of maintaining the laboratory services throughout the hospital, it has come to my attention that there is a delay in turn around time on specimen results during the night shift. With this, the medical director has informed me that the delay in test results may increase the risk of complications during surgery and decreasing all other services. As requested by the hospital administration, employees must take action right away to increase the efficiency of services, minimize costs, and reduce the length of a patient’s stay....   [tags: clinical laboratory management]

Strong Essays
1658 words (4.7 pages)

Essay on Structural Perspectives On The Medical Field

- ... Nicolson also notes the period emergent role of technology in maintaining distance from the sick and a sense of inalienable authority8. It was thus made possible for the late eighteenth century patient to undergo a sort of social and intellectual quarantine as well as a physical. Although Jewson opened up an intriguing line of critical inquiry, it was still possible to interpret a reconstituted Foucalt-Jewson thesis as a near celebration of everything that defined mid-twentieth century Western medicine9, bar the later development of compartmentalised, directly applicable laboratory research into disease and pathology....   [tags: Physician, Medicine, Patient, Illness]

Strong Essays
1844 words (5.3 pages)

The Common Thread and The Human Genome Project Essay

- Introduction From the moment we are born we are overwhelmed by the sensation of exploring the world around us. Not just only what we see but also, what lies beneath the surface. This sensation of curiosity is especially clear in people who are studying and/or conducting research in the fields of medicine, health, and biomedical science. In this review I intend to grasp the attention of everyone who has a relationship to the three fields of research mentioned before. Students and researchers in these fields should be able to relate to the concepts that will be discussed in this review....   [tags: politics, biomedical science]

Strong Essays
1540 words (4.4 pages)

Essay on Practical Report - Infections of Gastrointestinal Tract

- Introduction :- Many children around the world , especially in third world countries suffer many bacterial infection of the gastrointestinal system as a result of lack of awareness and the spread of the disease in the less attention to hygiene and the environment . In order to explain this word gastrointestinal tract infection , especially the stomach and intestines , it can result from infection by bacteria or virus or other parasites (1) . Some of the causes of inflammation as a result of eating food poisoning , especially meat and eggs ....   [tags: Medical, Case Study, solution]

Strong Essays
1030 words (2.9 pages)

The Medical Field : Medical And Clinical Laboratory Technician Essay

- The medical field has been known for giving the biggest and most rapidly growing fields today. There is always an increase in jobs and also careers, that may benefit in great opportunities. This field allows a great pay as education increases and also lots of outstanding benefits. These jobs in the medical field become increasingly diverse, allowing one to choose from their interest in the field. This field focuses on preventing diseases, illness and injury and conquer to help diagnose, fight and treat illnesses....   [tags: Medicine, Physician, Academic degree, Surgery]

Strong Essays
923 words (2.6 pages)

Essay on Becoming a Medical Laboratory Technologist

- Career of a Medical Laboratory Technologist Choosing which career path to follow is one of the most important decision people take in their lifetime. Considering that this decision will affect the entire future life, it is very important to be sure that it is the right one. It is one of the most important steps in order to successfully find a job that would satisfy personality needs and guarantee a steady income. If he or she is passionate about their job, hard work is simplified and high salary helps to concentrate on results....   [tags: career choices]

Strong Essays
1124 words (3.2 pages)

The Impact of the Laboratory on Nineteenth-Century Medicine? Essay

- The laboratory had an influential impact on nineteenth century medicine. It saw technological advances such as the microscope allowing the observation of cells and micro-organisms and the way minute cells were formed and appeared. The practice of medicine allowed hospitals to seek advice and improve diagnosis by the study of body parts and the workings of the body such as the study and discovery of the digestive system. Education was progressed with students having to pass laboratory tests before attending hospitals for clinical training in many parts of Europe by the end of the nineteenth century....   [tags: Medical Research]

Strong Essays
1502 words (4.3 pages)

Essay on Professional Issues Of A Medical Professional

- ... Professionalism is important in the relationship between doctors and nurses, as well as doctor/physician and Medical Laboratory Scientists. Furthermore, it is very important when it comes to communication between healthcare practitioners and a patient 's. Professionals who display professionalism will be able to gain the trust and confidence of their patients. Medical Laboratory Science should display professionalism in their writing skills. Communication is a very important skill in every career or profession....   [tags: Medicine, Health care, Medical laboratory]

Strong Essays
1281 words (3.7 pages)