Steroids are any of a large class of organic compounds with a characteristic molecular structure containing four rings of carbon atoms (three six-membered and one five). They include many hormones, alkaloids, and vitamins. These drugs are for the most part, used within a broad context of operant drug taking that includes the use of ergogenic, thermogenesis, anorexigents, and ancillary drugs in which that are harmful to one’s body. Most centrally, anabolic compounds promote better utilization of dietary protein and shift the body’s “nitrogen balance” by increasing retention of nitrogen, an element essential to protein synthesis and thus to muscle growth. Steroids are a family of hormones related to testosterone that have a number of beneficial medical indications. They are also used for the purpose of building up muscles and cellular tissue (Quezzaire & Sprague, 2015, p. 1).
Many athletes, models and others who depend on their bodies for their livelihoods have abused anabolic steroids, as these drugs can alter one’s physical appearance as well as enhance athletic performance. The use of steroids for these purposes is illegal as well as dangerous: studies have shown that anabolic steroid use can lead to serious behavioral problems, heart disease, stunted growth, bone degeneration, and even death. The drugs were introduced to American athletes in 1958 and remained legal for performance-enhancing purposes until 1981, when the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938 was amended so that anabolic steroids could only be prescribed by a physician for strictly medical reasons. While users of anabolic steroids may experience short-term benefits from steroid use, the long-term side effects are so harmful that nearly all sports ...
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...ring process, risks associated with needle sharing and multiuse vials, and abcess from nonsterile injection technique. It still remains the cause of some concern, particularly given the reluctance of users to present for necessary treatment out of fear of discovery (Langenbucher, Hildebrandt, & Carr, 2008, pp. 408-409).
In conclusion the use of appearance and performance-enhancing drugs is ubiquitous, involving not only competitive athletes but recreational and occupational users of both sexes. Despite well-documented evidence that steroid abuse is dangerous, athletes are willing to risk their bodies, and perhaps their lives, for a competitive edge. Younger athletes and young children young as thirteen have taken them to promote growth and enhance performance. It seems likely that anabolic steroid use will remain a controversy throughout the twenty-first century.
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